Vascular surgery is focused on the surgical interventions to be carried out in the case of pathologies affecting the bloodstream (arteries and veins) and in particular dilatations – aneurysms-, narrowings, deterioration of the vessels treated by atherosclerosis, malformations. The main risk factors are hypertension, cigarette smoking and the presence of diabetes.
Carotid stenosis: narrowing of the carotid artery lumen, generally caused by plaques due to atherosclerosis. This condition increases the risk of transient cerebral ischemia and stroke.
Thoracic and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: abnormal dilation of the aortic wall caused generally by atherosclerosis or, less frequently, by Marfan syndrome or Loeys-Dietz syndrome. It is a pathology that only sporadically gives symptoms, the risk is the rupture of the aorta and the consequent hemorrhage.
Popliteal Aneurysm: abnormal expansion of the popliteal artery passing through the back of the knee. Occlusion of the artery or, in case of popliteal thrombus embolization, occlusion of the peripheral arteries of the lower limbs can occur.
Varicose veins or varices: dilatations of the venous walls that mainly concern the superficial venous system of the lower limbs.
Thrombosis of the lower limbs: obstruction of an artery of the lower limbs due to the formation of a blood clot (thrombus). It manifests itself with pain while walking or exercising at different degrees of intensity.
Arterial thrombosis of the upper limbs: obstruction of an artery of the upper limbs caused by the formation of a blood clot.
Deep vein thrombosis: obstruction of one or more deep veins caused by the formation of a blood clot.